Wednesday November 9, 2016
|9:00 – 10:00 AM
WELCOME AND OPENING KEYNOTE
Full Color Computational Imaging with Diffractive Optics, Wolfgang Heidrich, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) (Saudi Arabia)
Co-designing optics and computational methods provides access to new regions in the optical design space, promising improved imaging performance and increased flexibility. Computational imaging with diffractive optics in particular shows great promise for lighter, more compact, flexible, and powerful imaging systems. In this talk I will outline some recent advances that promise to make diffractive optics competitive for full-color imaging with small and lightweight form factors.
10:00 AM – 12:40 PMhu
Large-Gamut Color and Spectral Display Using Sub-Wavelength Gratings, Peter Morovic,1 Ján Morovic,1 Francesco Aieta,2 Marco Fiorentino,3 Charles Santori,4 and David Fatal2; 1HP Inc. (Spain), 2LEIA 3D, 3Hewlett-Packard Laboratories, and 4Verily (USA)
JIST-First QUALITAS: Image Quality Assessment for Stereoscopic Images, Cristian Bonanomi,1 Christine Fernzndez–Maloigne,2 Jamie Moreno,3 and Alessandro Rizzi1; 1Università degli Studi di Milano (Italy), 2University of Poitiers (France), and 3National Polytechnic
Visibility of Spatiotemporal Noise in Digital Video, Tamara Seybold, Betina L. Koelln, Aynur Pasha, and Harald Brendel, Arnold & Richter Cine Technik (Germany)
Temporal Drift Correction of Residues for Perceptually based Video Compression, Mark Q. Shaw, HP Inc. and Jan P. Allebach and Edward J. Delp, Purdue University (USA)
JIST-First Orientation Modulation for Data Hiding in Chrominance Channels of Direct Binary Search Halftone Prints, Vlado Kitanovski and Marius Pedersen, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (Norway)
PARAWACS: Color Halftoning with a Single Selector Matrix, Peter Morovic and Ján Morovic, HP Inc. (Spain), and Jay Gondek, Matthew Gaubatz, and Robert Ulichney, HP Inc. (USA)
14:00 – 15:40 PM
Beyond the Rainbow
Efficient Multispectral Reflectance Function Capture for Image-based Relighting, Chloe LeGendre, Xueming Yu, and Paul Debevec, USC Institute for Creative Technologies (USA)
Spectral Image Analysis of Florescent Objects with Mutual Illumination, Shoji Tominaga, Keiji Kato, Keita Hirai, and Takahiko Horiuchi, Chiba University (Japan)
Evaluating Robustness of the Method to Estimate Five Components from Skin Spectral Image, Misa Hirose, Rina Akaho, and Norimichi Tsumura, Chiba University (Japan)
Non-Contact Video based Estimation of Pulse Transit Time Using Quantitation Method of Hemoglobin Level, Munenori Fukunishi,1 Taku Yonezawa,1 Genki Okada,1 Kouki Kurita,1 Shoji Yamamoto,2 and Norimichi Tsumura1; 1Chiba University and 2Tokyo Metropolitan College of Industrial Technology (Japan)
Demultiplexing Visible and Near-Infrared Information in Single-Sensor Multispectral Imaging, Zahra Sadeghipoor,1 Jean-Baptiste Thomas,2 and Sabine Susstrunk1; 1EPFL (Switzerland) and 2Bourgogne University (France)
16:20 – 17:20 PM
CIC 24 Best Paper Award Winner Modelling Incomplete Chromatic Adaptation and Colour Contrast Using Memory Colour, Qiyan Zhai,1 M. Ronnier Luo,1, 3 Peter Hanselaer,2 and Kevin A.G. Smet2; 1Zhejiang University (China), 2KU Leuven (Belgium), and 3University of Leeds (UK)
Investigating Performance of Uniform Color Spaces for High Dynamic Range and Wide Gamut Color Difference Applications, Muhammad Safdar,1 M. Ronnier Luo,1,2 and Guihua Cui3; 1Zhejiang University (China), 2University of Leeds (UK), and 3Wenzhou
Visual Perception of 3D Printed Translucent Objects, Bui Minh Vu,1 Philipp Urban,2 Tejas Madan Tanksale,2 and Shigeki Nakauchi1; 1Toyohashi University of Technology (Japan) and 2Fraunhofer Institute for Computer Graphics Research IGD (Germany)
18:30 – 21:30 PM
Join colleagues under the stars as we gather around the hotel’s rooftop pool for conversation, libations, and food
Thursday November 10, 2016
9:00 – 10:00 AM
THURSDAY KEYNOTE AND IS&T AWARDS
A Relational Approach to Color, Peter Morovic, HP Inc. (Spain)
It is well established in the study of color vision that the perception and interpretation of color is fundamentally relational – stimuli are interpreted in relation to their spatio-temporal environment at many levels of the visual experience. From the way the retina encodes color signals to color opponency, all the way to effects such as simultaneous contrast, or the crispening effect etc., there are many examples of experiments in vision science that demonstrate these principles. In this keynote we take this intuition further and show how thinking about color in relational terms allows for new insights in how we address color imaging problems. For example, metamerism and the definition of metamer sets can exploit relationships among wavelengths, surfaces and how we perceive them by way of Maxwell’s color top principle – any set of known reflectances directly implies the existence of all their combinations. Thinking about color in these relational terms then also led to the discovery of the HANS imaging paradigm, where exercising control over relative proportions of the simples constituent states of an imaging system (for example Neugebauer Primaries in print) over a local neighbourhood results in a vastly greater choice of possible patterns and leads to unprecedented levels of control. We show how applying these principles results in new theoretical results, such as metameric patterns even for 3-ink CMY printing systems that until now were taught as not having any redundancy, as well as practical applications such as finding more ink-efficient alternatives for the same colors, and extends to a wide range of applications including emissive display design and 3D print.
10:00 AM – 12:20 PM
Do You See What I See?
Colour Vision during the Developing Age, Caterina Ripamonti, Sarah Kalwarowsky, and Marko Nardini, Cambridge Research Systems, Ltd. (UK)
JIST-First Using a Behavioral Match-to-Sample Method to Evaluate Color Vision Deficiency Simulation Methods, Joschua Thomas Simon-Leidtke and Ivar Farup, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (Norway)
Individual Differences in Color Matching and Adaptation: Theory and Practice, Mark D. Fairchild, Rochester Institute of Technology (USA)
A Revisit of the MacAdam Colour Discrimination Ellipses, Maria Georgoula,1 Guihua Cui,2 and Ronnier Luo1,3; 1University of Leeds (UK), 2Wenzhou University, and 3Zhejiang University (China)
JIST-First Effects of Color Pairs on Warmth Perception in Interiors, Begüm Ulusoy and Nilgün Olguntürk, Bilkent University (Turkey)
12:20 – 12:40 PM
TWO-MINUTE Interactive PAPER Previews I
Improvement of Appearance from Motion by Using Omni-Directional Camera, Ryota Domon,1 Shoji Yamamoto,2 Hiroshi Kintou,3 and Norimichi Tsumura1; 1Chiba University, 2Tokyo Metropolitan College of Industrial Technology, and 3Nikon Corporation (Japan)
Perceptually Equivalent Luminance Level of Large-Screen TVs, Taeseong Han, Sungjin Kim, and Dongwoo Kang, LG Display Co., Ltd. (Korea)
Emotion Monitoring Using Remote Measurement for Physiological Signals by Camera, Genki Okada, Taku Yonezawa, Kouki Kurita, and Norimichi Tsumura, Chiba University (Japan)
Viewpoint Entropy for Material Appearance, Yuto Hirasawa,1 Shoji Yamamoto,2 Ryota Domon,1 Hiroshi Kintou,3 and Norimichi Tsumura1; 1Chiba University, 2Toyko Metropolitan College of Industrial Technology, and 3Nikon Corporation (Japan)
Classification of Painting Techniques with Color Run-Length Matrices, Alexandre Bony and Christine Fernandez-Maloigne, University of Poitiers (France)
Exploiting Wide-Gamut Displays, Greg Ward, Hyunjin Yoo, Afsoon Soudi, and Tara Akhavan, Irystec, Inc. (USA)
Extended Linear Color Correction, Graham Finlayson1,2 and Garrett Johnson2, 1University of East Anglia (UK) and 2Apple Inc. (USA)
Color Image Enhancement Using Weighted Multi-Scale Correction Coefficients, Ji-Hoon Yoo, Wang-Jun Kyung, Shibudas Kattakkalil Subhashdas, and Yeong-Ho Ha, Kyungpook National University (Korea)
Illuminant Chromaticity Estimation via Optimization of RGB Channel Standard Deviation, Shibudas Kattakkalil Subhashdas, Ji-HoonYoo, and Yeong-Ho Ha, Kyungpook National University (Korea)
14:00 – 15:00 PM
KEYNOTE (moved from Friday)
SPONSORED BY GOOGLE
Google Street View: Unique Challenges of Collecting Imagery at Global Scale, Luc Vincent and Rom Clement, Google Inc. (USA)
Computer vision, geospatial imagery, big data, machine learning, large scale systems, image processing and analysis, and of course color all come together in the creation and deployment of Google’s 360° Street View. In this keynote, the engineering and technical challenges with particular emphasis on those related to color are discussed.
15:00 – 15:20 PM
Illuminating Color I
Three-Dimensional Test Target for Illuminant Analysis, Nathan Moroney, Ingeborg Tastl, and Melanie Gottwals, HP Labs (USA)
15:20 – 15:50 PM
PAPER Previews II
A Revision of CIECAM02 and its CAT and UCS, C.J. Li1,3 Z. Li,1 Z. Wang,1 Y. Xu,1 M. R. Luo,2 G. Cui,3 M. Melgosa,4 and M. Pointer2; 1University of Science and Technology Liaoning (China), 2University of Leeds (UK), 3Wenzhou University (China), and 4University of Granada (Spain)
Robust Multispectral Data Hiding in RGB Image Using Digital Watermarking, Kazushige Banzawa, Kazuma Shinoda, and Madoka Hasegawa, Utsunomiya University (Japan)
Functional Illumination Supporting the Visual Detection of Plaques, Taisei Kondo,1 Juan L. Nieves,2 Eva M. Valero,2 Hiroshi Higashi,1 and Shigeki Nakauchi1; 1Toyohashi University of Technology (Japan) and 2University of Granada (Spain)
Color Spaces Emerging from Deep Convolutional Networks, Ivet Rafegas and Maria Vanrell, Universitat Autònoma de Barceolona (Spain)
The Effectiveness of Colour Appearance Attributes for Enhancing Image Preference and Naturalness, Yuteng Zhu,1 M. Ronnier Luo,1,2 Sebastian Fischer,3 Peter Bodrogi,3 and Tran Quoc Khanh3; 1Zhejiang University (China), 2University of Leeds (UK), and 3Technische Universität Darmstadt (Germany)
The Necessity of a Whiteness Scale for FWA-Enhanced Whites, Minchen Wei,1 Shining Ma,2 and Ming R. Luo2,3; 1The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (Hong Kong), 2Zhejiang University (China), and 3University of Leeds (UK)
An iccMAX Material Profile Example: Converting Spectral Images of Artwork to Paint-Concentration Images, Ben Bodner amd Roy S. Berns, Rochester Institute of Technology (USA)
Individual Corresponding Colors Data and Chromatic Adaptation Transforms, Shengyan Cai, Tianjin University of Science & Technology (China), and Mark D. Fairchild, Rochester
Institute of Technology (USA)
Color Recommendation for Drawing based Image Retrieval on Mobile Devices, Zhan Xu, Guoping Qiu, and Chao Zhang, University of Nottingham (China)
ICC Profile Color Table Compression, Chuohao Tang,1 Weibao Wang,1 Sean Collison,2 Mark Shaw,2 Jay Gondek,2 Amy Reibman,1 and Jan P. Allebach1; 1Purdue University and 2HP Inc. (USA)
New Spectral Data for Skin Colours, Mengmeng Wang,1 Ming Ronnier Luo,1,3 Kaida Xiao,2 Sophie Wurger,2 and Yuzhao Wang3; 1University of Leeds (UK), 2University of Liverpool (UK), and 3Zhejiang University (China)
Texture Characterization by Grey-Level Co-occurrence Matrix from a Perceptual Approach, Ana Gebejes1, Rafael Huertas2, Alain Tremeau3, Ivana Tomic4,Pooshpanjan R.Biswas5, Charlotte Fraza5,and MarkkuHauta-Kasari1; 1University of Eastern Finland (Finland), 2Department of Optics, University of Granada (Spain), 3Laboratoire Hubert Curien UMR CNRS 5516, University Jean Monnet, (France), 4Faculty of Technical Sciences, Graphic Engineering and Design,(Serbia), and 4Colour in Science and Industry (COSI) - Erasmus Mundus Master, University of Granada (Spain)
Designing Spectral Power Distribution of Illumination with Color Chart to Enhance Color Saturation, Masaru Tsuchida, Kaoru Hiramatsu, and Kunio Kashino, NTT Communication Science Laboratories (Japan)
15:50 – 17:15 PM
20:15 – 21:15 PM
Sponsored by HP Inc.
The Confluence of Art and Technology: 3D Printing at LAIKA’s Award-Winning Animation Studio, Brian McLean and Rob Ducey, Laika Animation Studios (USA)
for its use of rapid prototyping for facial animation—for which it was
recognized with a 2016 Scientific and Engineering Award from the Academy
of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (Oscars®)—in the
Oscar®-nominated animated films The Boxtrolls, ParaNorman, and Coraline,
LAIKA studios is versed in the challenges of color and 3D printing.
Join Director of Rapid Prototype Brian McLean and Technical Director Rob
Ducey as they discuss what they’ve learned since they began this
technical adventure a decade ago.
Friday November 11, 2016
COLOR and Imaging WORSHOPS
A workshop is included with your conference registration. It is also possible to register for just the ISCC-sponsored workshop (W2). See registration form for details.
W1: Camera Color Characterization
8:00 – 12:00
Chair: Sabine Süsstrunk, EPFL (Switzerland)
This workshop covers the process of camera characterization in theory and practice. Background and demonstrations are provided on all important aspects. Many camera manufacturers utilize traditional test chart based color characterization methods because of reluctance to change running systems or incomplete appreciation of the benefits of modern characterization techniques. This workshop identifies known issues in traditional approaches and demonstrates potential solutions using current technology including multispectral LED light sources, in situ measurements of spectral radiances of natural objects, and modern color transform methods including multidimensional color look up tables. This workshop provides all the information needed to implement advanced color correction in cameras and software. Speakers for this workshop are:
- The need for camera characterization and calibration and the impact of color correction on general image quality (Kevin Matherson, Microsoft Corporation)• Target based versus spectral camera characterization (Eric Walowit, consultant)
- Target based versus in situ spectral training data (Dietmar Wueller, Image Engineering GmbH & Co. KG)
- Multidimensional color lookup tables (Michael Vrhel, Artifex Software, Inc.)
- Live demonstration of spectral camera characterization, camera transform generation, and matching from capture to display (in cooperation with all speakers)
W2:The Life of a Color (sponsored by ISCC)
8:30 – 12:00
Chairs: David R. Wyble, Avian Rochester, LLC and John Conant, Aerodyne Research, Inc. (USA)
Within the context of the CIC technical program, “color” has a more limited scope, and does not typically include creative and production aspects. This workshop is designed to help expose attendees to those and other facets of color, all described as how a color is processed through various disciplines. This exposure can help technologists “connect the dots” by learning first hand how color and imaging research is applied.
This workshop will serve as the technical content for the 2016 Annual Meeting for the Inter-Society Color Council (ISCC), but the content is appropriate for all conference attendees. The workshop will be followed by the ISCC Annual Business Meeting Lunch (additional fee). Four presentations begin with the creative design process and work through color communication, production, and finally perception.
The Design of a Color (Leslie Harrington, CAUS)
How a brand color is originally selected? What are the associated strategic decisions to align the color with a product/brand’s
attributes? How are colors properly placed, both geographically and in the right
The Management of a Color (Max Derhak, Onyx Graphics)
Traditional color management has used only CIEXYZ colorimetry. New systems account for a complete color process: from light sources onto objects, and captured through color matching, including perceptual aspects of color.
The Manufacturing of a Color (Ann Laidlaw, ACL Color Consulting LLC)
The path of a color is described from the
creative process through development, approval, and manufacturing. The use of robust standards and consistent procedures is
crucial to managing accurate color with
on-time deliveries, especially when products are fabricated from multiple materials.
The Perception of a Color (Mark Fairchild, RIT)
Follow a photon from the sun, to an object, into the human eye. Those photons are traced to their ultimate fate in a cone photoreceptor. Finally, aspects of neuroscience are used to explore how the photons result in color
W3: Color Science for 3D Printing: From Mondrian to Miró
9:00 AM – 12:00 PM
Chairs: Peter Morovic and Ján Morovic, HP Inc. (Spain)
This workshop looks at the state-of-the-art of color science in 3D, as well as presents the upcoming challenges of 3D printing in color. While there is a rich and well established body of work in the Mondrian world (2D) that allows us to predict, model, and measure the colors of surfaces, their appearance in a given environment, the perceptual differences between surfaces under a variety of conditions, perform reliable psychophysic and psycho-visual experiments etc., a Miró world (3D) has additional complexity and additional degrees of freedom that need to be considered for a thorough understanding of how we perceive colors of objects that have different shapes, depths, textures, and surface finishes—and that vary significantly with illumination geometry etc. A straight-forward application of 2D methods often fails to deliver since, after all, these were derived for a flat world where many of these effects can be
The field of color science in 3D is still relatively young and is a treasure trove of open problems that require rigorous work and creative solutions. This workshop is both an overview of the state-of-the-art, as well as an invitation for the community to tackle them.
Color 3D Printing and its Challenges (Ján Morovic and Peter Morovic, HP Inc.)
Even though 3D color printing technologies build up objects layer-by-layer, and these layers are two-dimensional, it would be a mistake to think of 3D simply as stacked 2D printing. From color formation, where local material combinations in an object are the basis, via metrology challenges following from complex surface geometry and phenomena like translucency, to the intricacies even of having reliable psychophysical methods for the evaluation of color appearance, color in 3D is anything but a simple extension of its 2D counterpart. These, and other, aspects of 3D printing pose challenges for delivering predictable and consistent color properties and call for new scientific and engineering work. At the same time, there is existing knowledge in adjacent fields that can accelerate the process of understanding and controlling color in 3D printing, which we would like to facilitate in this workshop.
Color Measurements for 3D Printing (Philipp Urban, Fraunhofer Institute for Computer Graphics Research IGD)
I start the talk by showing that measurements made by spectrophotometers used in the graphic arts industry are systematically biased towards lower reflectance for many resin materials used in multimaterial 3D printing. Then, I present a gonio-imager particularly dedicated to sample the Bidirectional Reflectance Distribution Functions (BRDF) of such materials or material compositions arranged in a color-characterization chart. The setup comprises an almost colorimetric RGB camera and a spectrally tunable light source allowing it to perform bidirectional reflectance measurements or to act as a bidirectional colorimeter. At the end of the talk, I introduce a modular, fully-automatic color 3D scanning pipeline developed at our institute. It is capable of capturing bidirectional color information in addition to shape by combining photogrammetry and structured light scanning.
Material Appearance Measurement: The Road to Reality (Marc Ellens, X-Rite, Inc.)
Material appearance is more than color; it isolates the characteristics of the material that an observer uses to identify, categorize, and ultimately use the material for its intended purpose. The wide range of materials has
often posed a challenge for virtualization as many characteristics of material representation need to be hand-crafted. Measured material appearance provides a direct construction of these appearance characteristics, shortening product lifecycles, and delivering more physically accurate and realistic visualizations. We address such questions as: what is material appearance? what characteristics of geometry contribute to the appearance? how can it be captured with today’s and tomorrow’s technology? what methods we can use to communicate this appearance? and, what are the challenges as we move forward?
Overview of Color Image Reproduction for 3D Printing Using CIE Colorimetry (Kaida Xiao, University of Liverpool)
With dramatically developed 3D color printing technique, the accurate color management and reproduction for 3D printed objects becomes more and more important, although it is still a huge challenge for color and imaging science. Conventional color image reproduction techniques based on CIE Colorimetry have been developed for more than 20 years and perform very well in transforming color images from one digital media to another under various viewing conditions. However, CIE standard observer and psychophysical data for color appearance modelling and color difference evaluation were all obtained for flat color samples. It is not straightforward or accurate to apply conventional color image reproduction technique for 3D printed objects. Moreover, it is greatly difficult to evaluate color reproduction for 3D printed objects objectively using current technology. In this presentation, a brief summary of color reproduction for 3D printed objects is given. The limitation of CIE colorimetry for color reproduction of 3D printed object is given special interest. A method to develop new technique to fulfill color reproduction of 3D printed object is discussed.
Tangible Imaging Systems: Bringing Virtual Surfaces into the Real World (James A. Ferwerda, RIT)
Surfaces are everywhere, and it’s through the interaction of light with surfaces, that we visually perceive the properties of the world. We often create images of surfaces to document their visual properties, and it’s clear that images can serve quite well as visual representations of surfaces. However, the visual information we get from an image of a surface is not the same that provided by the surface itself. In particular, we get a lot of information about surface properties by interacting with surfaces, either through direct manipulation, or through observation from different viewpoints, and conventional images don’t support either of these behaviors. For this reason we have been working to develop tangible imaging systems, that harness the power of digital modeling, computer graphics, and sensor technologies to produce new kinds of images that look and behave much more like the surfaces they represent.
In this talk, I describe our efforts to develop a tangible imaging system we call ImpastoR that supports the photometrically-accurate and visually-realistic simulation of surfaces with complex color, gloss, and textural properties in real-world lighting environments, and allows users to interact with and manipulate these virtual surfaces as naturally as if they were real ones. I discuss the potential uses of tangible imaging systems in a range of scientific, cultural, and commercial applications.
Color Assessment of Teeth and Skin Using Digital Imaging (Stephen Westland, University of Leeds)
Quantification of the colorimetric and color appearance properties of teeth and skin in vivo present serious technical challenges. Unlike many man-made materials (including many plastics, textiles, and painted surfaces) teeth and skin are three-dimensional structures that present a surface that is often not flat. In addition, the features to be measured may be small relative to the apertures of many commercially available spectrophotometers and difficult to access with bulky equipment. Color assessment using digital images potentially provides an alternative route to conventional color measurement but in practice presents several different technical challenges. This presentation explores the difficulties in using digital cameras to assess color and color appearance of teeth and skin. Several practical case studies are presented to demonstrate ways in which digital imaging can be used in this context.
13:30 – 14:30 PM
Illuminating Color II (Moved from Thursday)
Effects of Inter-Observer Variation on Color Rendering Metrics, Michael J. Murdoch and Mark D. Fairchild, Rochester Institute of Technology (USA)
Evaluation of the IES Method for Evaluating Light Source Color Rendition in Terms of Metamer Mismatching, Brian Funt, Ben Hull, and Xiandou Zhang, Simon Fraser University (Canda)
Extension of CIE Whiteness Metric under Different Illuminants Shining Ma,1 Jing Liang,1,2 Minchen Wei,3 and Ming R. Luo1,4; 1Zhejiang University (China), 2Dalian Polytechnic University (China), 3The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (Hong Kong), and 4University of Leeds (UK)
14:30 – 16:30 PM
JIST-First Random CFAs are Better than
Periodic Ones, David Alleysson and Prakhar Amba, Université Grenoble Alpes, and Jérôme Dias, Orme Signals & Images (France)
Strengths and Limitations of a
Uniform 3D-LUT Approach for Digital Camera Characterization, Sebastian Fischer,
Paul Myland, Matthias Szarafanowicz, Peter Bodrogi, and Tran Quoc Khanh, Technische Universität Darmstadt (Germany)
Scene Color Correction under Non-Uniform Spatial Illumination and Atmospheric
Transmittance, Hiroaki Kotera, Kotera
Imaging Laboratory (Japan)
Use of Simulated Reflectance Spectra in Camera Transform Creation, Michael J.
Vrhel, Artifex Software (USA)
Color Homography Color Correction,Graham Finlayson and Han Gong, University of East Anglia, and Robert Fisher, University of Edinburgh (UK)